Electrophysioloic mapping - NOGA vs CARTO ?

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LarsChristian's picture
Electrophysioloic mapping - NOGA vs CARTO ?

I am currently working on a paper and i need som background information on electromechanical mapping. As for now i interpret the papers i read as follows (1):

Innvasive electromechanical mapping:
1. echo and angio mapping - before the 90s
2. Non-fluroscopic catheter based procedures - 90s - current
       - CARTO - the first - allows intracardiac detection of voltages - Uses magnetic fields beneath patient to navigate the                 different catheters
       - NOGA - similar to CARTO - also allows for "drawing" inner borders of endocardium

Noninvasive electromechanical mapping:
Currently only experimental set-ups available? Are there currently any clinicaly available noninvasive techniques for electromechanical mapping? Can some
As for now I've only found Electromechanical wave imaging (EWI) studies from Columbia university (2)

And can someone elaborate the terms electrophysiological mapping vs electromechanical mapping? Can you use CARTO for both?
And the review article seems to differentiate between electrophysiological mapping, electromechanical mapping and "acitvation-motion mapping".

Which of these systems are mots commonly used in the clinics today?

ANY help would greatly be appreciated!
Thanks in advance!

If you have an proposal for another forum which might help me, please let me know!

1. Klemm HU, Franzen O, Ventura R, Willems S. Review Article Catheter Based Simultaneous Activation and Motion : A Review Mapping of Cardiac. Heart Failure. 2007;7(3):148-159.)
2. Konofagou EE, Provost J. Electromechanical wave imaging for noninvasive mapping of the 3D electrical activation sequence in canines and humans in vivo. Journal of biomechanics. 2012;45(5):856-64. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22284425. Accessed March 23, 2012.