I recently ran across a superb blog post made by theoretical physicist discussing the very question of the compatibility of science and religion. Within Mano Singham's Web Journal blog post on February 08, 2006 he discusses the religious beliefs of scientists, and the history of survey's which have tried to determine if scientist are in fact religious, atheist, or agnostic.
This blogger in fact has researched this topic quite extensively as evidenced by his authorship of Quest for Truth: Scientific Progress and Religious Beliefs (2000).
I encourage you to read his entire blog post but paraphrase here:
"What about the empirical results? In a recent post, I speculated on the possibility of a high level of atheism among clerics but said that unfortunately it would be hard to get honest poll results on this question. But scientists are not so hesitant to answer this question and such surveys have been done and the results are extremely interesting.
These surveys were done early in the twentieth century (in 1914 and 1933) by James H. Leuba and repeated at the end of the century by Edward J. Larson and Larry Witham who published their findings under the title Leading scientists still reject God in the journal Nature (Vol. 394, No. 6691, p. 313 (1998)).
What the earlier Leuba studies found in his survey of 1,000 scientists in general, selected randomly from the standard reference work, American Men of Science (AMS) was that in 1914, 58% of scientists expressed "doubt or disbelief" in god, with the number rising to 67% in 1933.
Larson and Witham's repeat of this study in 1996 using the current edition of the same source (now called American Men and Women of Science) to select their sample and found the number to be 60.7%. So these numbers have remained fairly steady."
"... Larson and Witham were hampered by the fact that the editors of American Men and Women of Science stopped designating people as "greater scientists." So Larson and Witham used as their sample source the member list of the highly prestigious National Academy of Sciences (NAS). What they found was that the number among this group who expressed "disbelief or doubt in the existence of God" was a whopping 93%."
Since we have unique contingency of international scientists within the Scientist Solutions forum, I felt this would be a great question to pose to the international scientific community. Please respond with what is closest to your personal belief in the above poll and leave your comments.